Ziyarat in Makkah
Mina city is located in the province of Makkah, in western Saudi Arabia, and to the east of the Holy city of Makkah within the 20 square km valley, tents cover every open space, as far as the eye can see, neatly arranged, row after row. It is in these tents Hajj pilgrims stay overnight during the five days of each Haj season. For the rest of the year, Mina remains pretty much deserted.
There are more than 100,000 air-conditioned tents in Mina which can facilitate up to 3 million pilgrims. The size of the tents measure 8 meters by 8 meters and are made of fiberglass coated with Teflon in order to provide a high resistance to fire. After when Hajj is over, the tents would be dismantled, everything packed and taken back. Then in the 1990s, the Saudi government installed permanent cotton tents relieving pilgrims of the burden of having to carry their own camping equipment. But after a massive fire that swept through the tent city killing nearly 350 pilgrims in 1997, the current permanent fire-proof city was built.
Each camp is equipped with a kitchen, bathrooms, and ablution facilities. Every tent is color-coded by country and numbered, and all the haajis are supposed to have badges with their color and number on it, in case they get lost.
In the last two years, the city underwent a massive change with the government investing billions of riyals into many infrastructural projects to ease the daunting and physically demanding rituals of the annual pilgrimage.
Masjid e Nimra is situated in Arafat, Makkah. Here Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) delivered the last historic sermon (Khutba) of Hajj. Every year on 9th Zihija, Hajj Khutba is delivered from this mosque. Only two salat (Prayers) are offered in this mosque during a year. On Haj day ( the 9th Zilhija) Zuhar and Asar prayers are offered jointly by pilgrims. During Hajj it is very difficult for every pilgrim to reach here but in other days, the mosque remains empty and might be seen easily. It’s courtyard area remains open for nawafil prayers but inner hall remains closed.
The place where first divine revelation was received by Holy Prophet Muhammad ? is Jabal Noor which is situated around three miles from Makkah. Inside this mountain, Cave Hira is situated where beloved Prophet Muhammad ? used to retire in solitude worshipping Allah ?. This cave is about 12 feet in length and 5 feet three inches wide. It takes around 600 steps to reach Cave Hira.
The Cave of Thor
The Cave of Thor (Ghar Thor) is the cave where the prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and Abu Bakr hid from the Kuraish tribe for 3days. It is located about 2.5 km away from Masjid Al-Haram in Mecca. The cave recorded a miracle ; an acacia tree had sprung up in front of the cave, dove flow over, woved its nest and laid eggs and a spider spread its web over cave’s entrance to protect Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) from his enemies.
Ziyarat in Madina
In Madina ziyarat, Masjid-e- Quba is the first mosque in the history of Islam. Holy Prophet (S.A) himself laid down the foundation of this mosque. This Masjid is situated three kilometers away from Mashiide-e-Nabvi. If a person offers two rakats of Nafl there, it will be equal to performing an Umrah. There are separate places of prayers in Masjid-e-Quba for Men and Women. Outside the mosque, there is date market. You can good quality dates from there. There is also a vast ablution place available in the mosque. Every day many visitors used visit this mosque from all over the world.
Masjid-e-Qiblatain is a place where the Holy Prophet (S.A) was told to change his direction from Bait Ul Maqbas to Khana Kabba. While offering a prayer Holy Prophet (S.A) got these instructions and in a similar prayer both Holy Prophet (S.A) and Muslims changed their direction to Khan Kabba. That is the reason the Masjid is known as Masjid-e-Qiblatain. It is found to be a bit tricky to identify the exact direction of Kabba at this mosque, one must need to ask the other person for that. There are a good place for ablution in this Masjid, and one must offer two nulls there, once he gets a chance to visit.
Masjid-e-Ghamama is the place where Holy Prophet (S.A) offered a prayer for the rain. The government has built a Masjid at that place. The mosque is at a walking distance from Masjid-e-Nabwi. The government of Saudi Arabia has constructed pink wall all around the mosque, and this pink wall is decorated with the electric lanterns hanged with date trees. This Masjid is also known as Majid-e-Eid as the Holy Prophet (S.A) and his companions used to offer eid prayer there. Many pilgrims used to visit this Masjid and do offer nawafil there.
In Madina Ziyarat, at Uhad Mountain and at the graves of Martyrs you can watch the graves of the number of martyrs participated in this battle. The grave of Syed-us-Shuhada, Hazrat Hamza (R.A) was also there. All of the graves are in inside close boundary through windows people can watch the graves. The great battle of Ghiwa-e-Uhud took place at the Uhad Mountain. Seventy Muslims soldiers were killed in this battle. As of the reason, not following the commands of the Holy Prophet (S.A) properly, muslims got a great loss. They got an initial defeat in this battle and afterwards they took onto Kuffars crew. Much of the improvements are needed to be made at this place as well, and this place with great history must be in need of such improvements.